How to Fabricate An Esthetic Porcelain- To-Titanium Restoration

Luke Kahng, CDT · Technical · Jan 2012

  • Figure 1 Kahng scanned the model using the NobelProcera scanner, designed the three-unit titanium bridge and sent the file to Nobel Biocare’s centralized milling center in New Jersey.

  • Figure 2 Two days later, Kahng received the milled titanium framework and prepared it for porcelain application. He ground the copings using a Komet carbide bur especially designed for titanium; for best results, grind the coping in one direction only.

  • Figure 3 Next, he sandblasted the inside of each coping on the framework.

  • Figure 4 Kahng placed the framework in an ultrasonic machine with distilled water for five minutes.

  • Figure 5 Top: Before applying the opaque, Kahng used GC’s Initial Porcelain Tiâ„¢ Bonder kit to apply a thin layer of the titanium bonder to the framework. The bonding material is important—it makes all the difference between a well-bonded restoration and one that doesn’t bond at all. Bottom: The framework after firing and sandblasting.

  • Figure 6 Left: The GC Initialâ„¢ Titanium opaque powder for mixing. Top right: The framework after the first opaque application, firing and sandblasting. Bottom right: The framework after the second opaque application, firing and sandblasting.

  • Figure 7 The framework after Kahng applied regular dentin powder (D-C3 Ti).

  • Figure 8 The framework after the enamel layering application of GC Initial Titanium porcelain, Translucency Opal.

  • Figure 9 The bridge after the dentin and enamel layers are applied and fired.

  • Figure 10 The bridge after the second buildup

  • Figure 11 The bridge after the layering of enamel modification.

  • Figure 12 The final restoration demonstrates the esthetics of porcelain layering over titanium.

  • For More Information GC Initial™ Titanium porcelain powder is available in a full range of colors. For more information, call GC America at 708-597-0900 or 800-323-7063 or visit For details on the NobelProcera scanner, contact Nobel Biocare at 800-993-8100 or visit

About The Author
Luke Kahng, CDT

Owner at LSK 121 Dental Prosthetics

Luke Kahng, CDT, is the Owner of LSK121 Oral Prosthetics in Naperville, IL. In addition to being a board member for several dental publications, he has published more than 100 articles with major dental...

You must be logged in to post to this article. Please Log In or Sign Up